This park was named after King Edward VII (UK) who visited Lisbon in 1902. The Tagus river estuary and its left bank can be seen in the background.
The man on the pedestal facing downtown is the Marquis of Pombal (King José I PM). He rebuilt the city after the big earthquake in 1755.
The earthquake (8,5/9 on the Richter scale) was followed by a tsunami whose waves invaded Lisbon 65 minutes later reaching places 250m far from the river. Then there was a big fire to complete the destruction. 12 to 15 thousand people have died; 55 palaces, more than 50 churches and convents and the Royal Library were among the 10.000 buildings that have just vanished.