The last executioner has allegedly lived here (last execution in Portugal took place in 1845).
Alfama is the oldest and most typical Lisbon neighbourhood. The origin of its name is the arabic word Al-hamma meaning bathes or fountains. The Moorish were expelled after the conquest of the city by the first portuguese king, Afonso I, in the 12th century.
The neighbourhood survived the earthquake in 1755 and due to its high location it was not hit by the tsunami.
The architecture in this photo is what we would have seen back in the 16th century.